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考研英语:常用短语190组精选

2020-02-27 02:41:06   来源:考研网   作者:admin   

下文精选了一些考研常用短语,考生注意背单词的时候可以结合来看,多积累素材,对于阅读翻译和写作都有帮助。

1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守。

2.be absent from….缺席,不在

3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉

4.absorb (=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态): be absorbed in全神贯注于…近: beengrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be concentrated on; be focused on; be centered on

5.(be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with)富于,富有

6.access (to) (不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解

7.by accident (=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident (=safely)安全地,

8.of one's own accord (=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地

9.in accord with与…一致. out of one's accord with同….不一致

10.with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

11.in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照,根据

12.on one's own account

1)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益

2)(=at one's own risk)自行负责

3)(=by oneself)依靠自己on account赊账; on account of因为; on no account不论什么原因也不; of…account有…..重要性.

13.take…into account (=consider)把...考虑进去

14.give sb. an account of说明,解释(理由)

15.account for (=give an explanation or reason for)解释,说明.

16.on account of (=because of)由于,因为.

17.on no account (=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

18.accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth.; blame sth. on sb.; complain about)指控,控告

19.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.

20.be acquainted with (=to have knowledge of)了解; (=to have met socially)熟悉

21.act on奉行,按照…行动; act as扮演; act for代理

22.adapt oneself to (=adjust oneself to)使自己适应于

23.adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)改编,改写(以适应新的需要)

24.in addition (=besides)此外,又,加之

25.in addition to (=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

26.adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,opinion, belief)粘附;坚持,遵循

27.adjacent (=next to, close to)毗邻的,临近的

28.adjust...(to) (=change slightly)调节;适应

29.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地

30.in advance (before in time)预告,事先

31.to advantage有利的,使优点更加突出地.

32.have an advantage over胜过. have theadvantage of由于…处于有利条件have the advantageof sb.知道某人所不知道的事

33.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

34.agree with赞同(某人意见) agree to同意

35.in agreement (with)同意,一致

36.ahead of在…之前,超过…;……………. ahead of time提前.

37.in the air 1)不肯定,不具体. 2)在谣传中.

38.above all (=especially, most important of all)尤其是,最重要的.

39.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)总共,总计

40.after all毕竟,到底; (not) at all一点也不; all at once (=suddenly)突然; once and for all只此一次;above all最重要的; first of all首先; all in all大体上说; be all in累极了; all but几乎.

41.allow for (=take into consideration, take into account)考虑到,估计到.

42.amount to (=to be equal to)总计,等于.

43.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)对…负责.

44.answer to (=conform to)适合,符合.

45.be anxious about为…焦急不安;或anxious for

46.apologize to sb. for sth.为…向…道歉

47.appeal to sb. for sth.为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb.对某人有吸引力

48.apply to sb. for sth.为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to适用.

49.apply to与…有关;适用

50.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right)赞成,approve vt.批准

51.arise from (=be caused by)由…引起.

52.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.安排…做…

53.arrive on到达; arrive at到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in到达某地(大地方);

54.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)以…为羞耻

55.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)向…保证,使…确信.

56.attach (to) (=to fix, fasten; join)缚,系,结

57.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)试图做…

58.attend to (=give one's attention, care and thought)注意,照顾; attend on (upon)(=wait upon,serve, look after)侍候,照料

59.attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法

60.attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于..,认为..是..的结果

61.on the average (=on average, on an average)平均

62.(be) aware of (=be conscious of, havingknowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

63.at the back of (=behind)在…后面

64.in the back of在…后部(里面); on the back of在…后部(外面); be on one's back (=be ill in bed)卧病不起.

65.at one's back (=supporting or favoring sb.)支持,维护; have sb. at one's back有…支持,有…作后台

66.turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

67.behind one's back背着某人(说坏话)

68.be based on / upon基于

69.on the basis of根据…,在…基础上

70.beat…at在…运动项目上打赢

71.begin with以…开始. to begin with (=first of all)首先,第一(经常用于开始语)

72.on behalf of (=as the representative of)以…名义

73.believe in (=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true)相信,依赖,信仰.

74.benefit (from)受益,得到好处.

75.for the benefit of为了…的利益(好处)

76.for the better好转

77.get the better of (=defeat sb.)打败,胜过.

78.by birth在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth在出生时; give birth to出生

79.blame sb. for sth.因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb.把…推在某人身上

80.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

81.on board到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机

82.boast of (or about)吹嘘

83.out of breath喘不过气来

84.in brief (=in as few words as possible)简言之

85.in bulk成批地,不散装的

86.take the floor起立发言

87.on business出差办事.

88.be busy with sth.于某事。 be busy doing sth.忙于做某事

89.last but one倒数第二.

90.but for (=without)要不是.表示假设

91.buy sth. for…money用多少钱买

92.be capable of能够,有能力be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

93.in any case (=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens;anyhow)无论如何

94.in case (=for fear that)万一;

95.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一in the case of至于…,就…而言

96.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

97.be cautious of谨防

98.center one's attention on (=focus one's attention on)把某人的注意力集中在…上

99.be certain of (=be sure of)有把握,一定.

100.for certain of (=for sure)肯定地,有把握

101.by chance (=accidentally, by accident)偶然

102.for a change换换环境(花样等)

103.charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…

104.in charge of (=responsible for)负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管

105.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)

106.charge…for因…索取(费用), charge sb. with sth.控告某人犯有…

107.round the clock (=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地

108.comment on评论

109.commit oneself to使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one's idea towriting把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee把某事交给委员会讨论

110.in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb.是与某人所共有的

111.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together)和…要好.

112.compare…with …把…与…比较

113.compare…to…把…比作…

114.by comparison比较起来

115.in comparison with (=in contrast to)和…比起来

116.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)补偿,赔偿,弥补compensate sb. for sth.赔偿,弥补

117.complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告; complain about抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb.about sth. (or sb.)向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)

118.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.)遵守,依从

119.conceive of (think of, imagine, consider)想象,设想

120.concentrate on (or upon)集中,专心

121.be concerned with (=about)与…有关

122.concern oneself about / with关心

123.in conclusion (=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of当…结束时;

124.condemn sb. to判决

125.on condition that (=if)以…为条件,假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然;for allthat = although尽管

126.in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit)健康状况好/不好. in good (bad)condition处于良好(坏)状态

127.confess (to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认,供认; confess to a crime承认罪行.

128.confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one's secret)对…讲真心话,依赖

129.in confidence推心置腹地; with confidence满怀信心地; have confidence in对…有信心

130.confidence in sb. / sth.对…的信赖

131.be confident of有信心; confidential机密的

132.confine…to…把…限制在某范围内

133.confirm sb. in使某人更坚定(信念等)

134.conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with)符合,遵照,遵守;1) obey服从; 2) observe; 3) comply with照…办; 4) keep to遵循; 5) abide by服从;6) stick to按..做

135.be confronted with (=be brought face to face with)面对,面临

136.congratulate sb. on祝贺

137.in connection with (=with regard to)关于,

138.be conscious of (=be aware of)觉察,知道

139.consent to (=give agreement to permission)同意

140.in consequence (=as a result)结果

141.in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果

142.under consideration在考虑中

143.in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of)由于

144.on no consideration (in no case)无论如何也不

145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到,把…考虑进去

146.considerate (=thoughtful of the needs)体贴的,考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的

147.consist of (=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致

148.be consistent with (=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,

149.consult sb. on/ about sth.向…征求…方面的意见,就…向…请教

150.to one's heart's content尽情地,痛痛快快

151.be content with (=be satisfied with)满足于be content to do sth.愿意做某事

152.contrary to (=in opposition to)与…相反

153.on the contrary相反

154.contrast…with把…与…相对(对照)

155.in contrast to/with和…形成对比;by contrast对比之下

156.contribute to有助于

157.under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制

158.at one's convenience (=where and when it suits one)在方便的时间或地点. be convenient to/ for对…方便

159.convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信, try topersuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…

160.cope with (=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付,处理

161、bring down the government 译为:击败政府

162、A diet deficient in vitamin D 译为:缺少维生素的饮食

163、Digital pide译为:数字鸿沟

164、A big storm is brewing up译为:正在酝酿之中。

165、Get their just deserts 译为:得到应有的惩罚

166、Money is fungible 译为:可代替的

167、Stretch limo 译为:加长房车

168、Hit heavy fog on its voyage译为:航行时碰上了大雾

169、In strong language译为:以强硬的语言

170、Of no avail 译为:无功效

171、Charge treason against the prisoner译为:指控罪犯叛国

172、A fresh coat of paint译为: 房间重新粉刷

173、Capability译为:性能

174、Keep a tight hold on their purse译为:看紧钱包

175、Be in a tangle译为:限于困惑之中

176、Be a long shot译为:希望不大的尝试

177、A large stock of 译为:一大堆

178、Superficial change译为:微不足道的改变

179、without any reservation译为:不折不扣

180、With a stern discipline译为:严谨

181、Have an unerring instinct for译为:有准确的直觉

182、Fine distinction 译为:明确的区别

183、Make a spectacle of oneself译为:大出洋相

184、Live on easy street 译为: 过着优裕的生活

185、Holiday shopping译为:假日购物

186、Principal breadwinner for their family译为:家庭的顶梁柱

187、As witnesses to evil in the past译为:作为过去罪恶的见证人

188、Contributing influence译为:影响因素

189、Voice their concerns译为:表示对于。。担心

190、Assume responsibility for 译为:对什么承担责任

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